Canon 6D DSLR Camera

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Canon EOS 6D is the Canon’s first true enthusiast level full-frame digital camera. While the Canon EOS 5D Mark III and Canon EOS 1DX also have a full frame sensor, the Canon EOS 6D’s design and handling is far closer to that of the APS-C format Canon EOS 60D.


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Last updated on October 16, 2021 4:06 pm


In many ways the Canon EOS 6D is the Canon’s first true enthusiast level full-frame digital camera. While the Canon EOS 5D Mark III and Canon EOS 1DX also have a full frame sensor, the Canon EOS 6D’s design and handling is far closer to that of the APS-C format Canon EOS 60D.

In a mix of numbers, the Canon 6D sits just below the Canon EOS 7D and above the Canon EOS 60D, despite the Canon 7D being considerably cheaper. But then the Canon EOS 7D was launched back in 2009, and although it has high-end features that are well tuned to wildlife and sports photographers, its price has fallen.

The smaller body size and weight, as well as the reduced feature set, confirm that the Canon 6D is for the enthusiast or travel photographer. These users want a high-quality camera, but they don’t need the bomb-proof build quality of cameras higher up the Canon DSLR lineup.

Canon has included a couple of modern niceties with the 6D, including Wi-Fi and GPS technology built in for the first time in a DSLR.

These are handy for recording your location and taking wireless control of your camera or uploading your images directly to your computer or Facebook and so on, without having to carry cables.

At the heart of the Canon 6D is a 20.2 million pixel full frame CMOS sensor. This combined with the Digic 5 processor enables a native sensitivity range of ISO 100-25600, which is great for low light and landscape work, but can be extended to ISO 50-102400 if necessary.

Priced at £1,799/AU$2,349/US$2,099 body only or £2,519.99/AU$3,498/US$2,899 with an EF 24-105mm f/4 L IS USM kit lens, the Canon EOS 6D is appreciably more affordable than the Nikon D600.

There are a total of 11 AF points, eight fewer than the Canon 7D, with only the central one being cross-type. This means the Canon 6D has two more AF points than the Canon 60D, but this lower-level camera’s nine points are all cross-type.

Migrating down from the Canon 5D Mark III are the various AF fine tune options, showing that the Canon EOS 6D is capable of some advanced AF control. These enable you to quickly adjust the tracking sensitivity and the acceleration and deceleration of tracking, which again are all useful when shooting moving subjects.

At 4.5fps, the Canon EOS 6D’s maximum continuous shooting rate is also slower than the 5.3fps of the Canon 60D, which even given the Canon 60D’s 2MP lower resolution seems a little odd, because it has a Digic 4 processor.

Another key difference between the Canon 6D and the Canon 60D, of course, is that the APS-C format camera has an articulating LCD screen. In other respects, however, the screens are the same, and both cameras have a 3-inch 1,040,000-dot device.

Wi-Fi technology is slowly appearing in compact cameras and CSCs, but the Canon 6D is the first DSLR to feature it built in.

While this may seem like a gimmick in many cases, or at worst just a half-hearted attempt, Canon’s engineers have produced a simple, straightforward solution that’s easy to set up and is beautifully executed.

Pairing the camera and a smartphone takes a couple of minutes via the Canon EOS Remote app, and shouldn’t be beyond the reach of even the most tech-phobic photographer. Once paired, you can select the shooting mode you want and then adjust the settings on the screen of your phone.

Taking manual mode as the example, you have quick and instant access to aperture, shutter speed and sensitivity, which are all adjustable with a touch of the relevant option.

As default, the focus button is hidden, but once it’s switched on through the settings menu, the app suddenly becomes the wireless solution we’ve been waiting for.

In use this Wi-Fi app works seamlessly, enabling you to quickly select your focus point, touch to focus, double-tap to zoom in on the image preview and check, and tap the shutter release to shoot. Once taken, the image appears on screen.

As with solutions from Nikon, Panasonic and Olympus, images can be downloaded from the card to the device ready to view.

At present the only company to take the Wi-Fi solution a step further is Panasonic, with the GH3 and the ability to zoom wirelessly with its power zoom lenses.

The Wi-Fi feature isn’t just isolated to camera control through a smartphone, though, since there are further options in-camera that can connect to other wireless networks. These options include uploading your images, transfering files between camera bodies or computers or to your printer and even a Wi-Fi-enabled TV.

The addition of GPS should appeal to travel photographers, but is one of those features that can only be fully appreciated once used. Being able to accurately locate where you’ve shot your pictures is handy, especially if there are locations you visited and mean to return to.

As with Wi-Fi, setup is quick – just switch it on in the menu system, adjust the settings as needed and it’s ready to go, once a satellite has been located, of course.

Then go about shooting as normal, and once back at your computer the GPS data is automatically tagged to the image information. This can be recalled and viewed either through Canon’s software or any application that can read EXIF information.

Both Wi-Fi and GPS, once switched on, are highlighted on the LCD screen.

There are several omissions from the Canon EOS 6D that we might reasonably expect to see on a camera of this level, but times are changing and so is the way we use a DSLR, so some of these absences start to make sense.

Unlike the Canon EOS 7D, there’s no PC socket (the port for connecting a studio flash) or pop-up flash. However, there is a flash hotshoe. This shouldn’t be an issue for many enthusiasts, however, because they tend to use flashguns.

If you do want to use the camera with a studio setup, then many budget sets including some from Ellinchrom, Lencarta and Bowens now feature their own trigger wireless systems.

Next is the single SD card slot. With rivals such as the Nikon D600 featuring two SD card slots and the Canon EOS 5D Mark III having SD and CF ports, you’d expect to see two card slots in this body.

But keeping body size and weight to a minimum was important for the Canon EOS 6D’s designers. Add to this the low price and high capacity of SD cards today, and two slots becomes less essential to enthusiast photographers.

Full HD video capture is of course possible, but as with both the Canon EOS 7D and Canon EOS 60D there’s no headphone socket for you to monitor the sound while recording. There is a visual guide to audio levels, along with Manual control over them, however.

Hitting the info button in movie live view switches between the different overlay and info screens, one of which includes a visual audio level, which enables you to monitor the sound levels visually when recording.

So while the Canon EOS 6D has the ability to shoot high quality video footage, an external audio recorder such as the Tascam DR-40 is still worth considering.

Touch and articulated screens have become big news. So while the EOS 60D has a very handy articulated screen and the EOS 650D has a touchscreen, the EOS 6D feels a little bit of a letdown, with a fixed high resolution Clear View TFT 3-inch screen with approximately 1040k dots.

Although the screen has no new frills, it displays menus and images clearly. In bright sunlight the amount of reflection is kept to a minimum, and most importantly the colour and tone of images on the screen closely relates to those you see on screen back in the digital darkroom.

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Canon EOS 6D Full Specifications

TypeDigital AF/AE single-lens reflex camera
Recording mediaSD/SDHC/SDXC card (Compatible with UHS-I)
Image sensor sizeApprox. 35.8 x 23.9 mm
Compatible lensesCanon EF lenses (except EF-S and EF-M lenses)
(The effective focal length is the same as indicated on the lens)
Lens mountCanon EF mount
Image Sensor
TypeCMOS sensor
PixelsEffective pixels: Approx. 20.20 megapixels
Total pixels: Approx. 20.60 megapixels
Aspect ratio3:2
Color filter systemRGB primary color filter
Low-pass filterFixed position in front of the image sensor
Dust deletion feature
  • Self Cleaning Sensor Unit
  • Manual cleaning of sensor
  • Dust Delete Data appended to the captured image
Recording System
Recording formatDesign rule for Camera File System 2.0
Image typeJPEG, RAW (14-bit Canon original)
RAW+JPEG simultaneous recordingThree RAW types and eight JPEG types can be set in any combination
File size
(1) L/Fine:Approx. 20.00-megapixel
(5472 x 3648), Approx. 6.0 MB
(2) L/Normal:Approx. 20.00-megapixel
(5472 x 3648), Approx. 3.1 MB
(3) M/Fine:Approx. 8.90-megapixel
(3648 x 2432), Approx. 3.2 MB
(4) M/Normal:Approx. 8.90-megapixel
(3648 x 2432), Approx. 1.7 MB
(5) S1/Fine:Approx. 5.00-megapixel
(2736 x 1824), Approx. 2.1 MB
(6) S1/Normal:Approx. 5.00-megapixel
(2736 x 1824), Approx. 1.1 MB
(7) S2:Approx. 2.50-megapixel
(1920 x 1280), Approx. 1.2 MB
(8) S3:Approx. 350,000-pixel
(720 x 480), Approx. 0.3 MB
(9) RAW:Approx. 20.00-megapixel
(5472 x 3648), Approx. 23.5MB
(10) M-RAW:Approx. 11.00-megapixel
(4104 x 2736), Approx. 18.5MB
(11) S-RAW:Approx. 5.00-megapixel
(2736 x 1824), Approx. 13.0MB

* Exact file sizes depend on the subject, ISO speed, Picture Style, etc.

Folder settingFolder creation/selection enabled
File numberingConsecutive numbering, auto reset, manual reset
Image Processing
Color spacesRGB, Adobe RGB
Picture StyleAuto, Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Def. 1- 3
Basic+Shoot by ambience selection, Shoot by lighting or scene type
White BalanceAuto, daylight, shade, cloudy, tungsten light, white fluorescent light, flash, custom, color temperature setting (2500-10000K)
Auto white balanceAuto white balance with the image sensor
Color temperature compensationWhite balance correction: +/-9 stops in full-stop increments
White balance bracketing: +/-3 stops in full-stop increments
* Blue/amber direction or magenta/green direction possible
Color temperature information transmissionProvided
Noise reductionApplicable to long exposures and high ISO speed shots
Automatic image brightness correctionAuto Lighting Optimizer
Highlight tone priorityProvided
Lens aberration correctionPeripheral illumination correction, Chromatic aberration correction
TypeEye-level pentaprism
CoverageVertical/Horizontal approx. 97%
MagnificationApprox. 0.71x (-1 m-1 with 50mm lens at infinity)
EyepointApprox. 21 mm (from eyepiece lens center)
Built-in dioptric adjustment-3.0 – +1.0 m-1 (diopter)
Focusing screenEg-A II provided, interchangeable 2 types (sold separately)
MirrorQuick-return half mirror (Transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60, no mirror cut-off with EF 600mm f/4L IS II USM or shorter lenses)
Viewfinder informationAF information (AF points, focus confirmation light), Exposure information (shutter speed, aperture, ISO speed, AE lock, exposure level, exposure warning), Flash information (flash ready, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation), Image information (Highlight tone priority(D+), maximum burst, card information), Battery check, Composition information (Electronic level), Warning symbol (Displayed if any of the following is set: Monochrome, White balance correction, expanded ISO speed, or spot metering)
Depth-of-field previewEnabled with depth-of-field preview button
TypeTTL Secondary image-registration, phase detection system with AF-dedicated CMOS sensor
AF points11 AF points
Center: Cross-type AF at f/5.6
Center: Vertical line-sensitive AF at f/2.8
Focusing brightness rangeEV –3-18
(at center AF point [sensitive to f/2.8 and f/5.6], 23°C, ISO 100)
Focus operation
  • One-Shot AF (ONE SHOT)
  • AI Servo AF (AI SERVO)
  • AI Focus AF (AI FOCUS)
  • Manual focusing (MF)
AF point selectionAutomatic selection, manual selection
Selected AF point displaySuperimposed in viewfinder and indicated on LCD monitor
AF-assist beamEmitted by the EOS-dedicated external Speedlite
AF MicroadjustmentPossible
Exposure Control
Metering modes
63-zone TTL full aperture metering
(1)Evaluative metering (linkable to any AF point)
(2)Partial metering (approx. 8.0% of viewfinder at center)
(3)Spot metering (approx. 3.5% of viewfinder at center)
(4)Center-weighted average metering
Metering rangeEV 1-20 (at 23°C with EF 50mm f/1.8 II lens, ISO 100)
Exposure controlProgram AE (Scene Intelligent Auto, Creative Auto,
Special scene [Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports,
Night Portrait, Handheld Night Scene, HDR Backlight
Control], Program), Shutter-priority AE, Aperture-priority AE, Manual exposure, Bulb exposure
ISO speed
(Recommended Exposure Index)
Basic Zone modes*: ISO 100 – 12800 set automatically*Landscape: ISO 100 – 1600 set automatically, Handheld Night Scene: ISO 100 – 25600 set automatically

P, Tv, Av, M, B: Auto ISO, ISO 100 – 25600 (in 1/3- or whole-stop increments), or ISO expansion to L (equivalent to ISO 50), H1 (equivalent to ISO 51200), H2 (equivalent to ISO 102400)

ISO speed settingsISO speed range, Auto ISO range, and Auto ISO minimum shutter speed settable
Exposure compensationManual : +/-5 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop incrementsAEB : +/-3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
(Settable in combination with manual exposure compensation)
AE lockAuto: Applied in One-Shot AF mode with evaluative metering when focus is achieved.

Manual: By AE lock button in all metering modes.

HDR ShootingDynamic range adjustment: Auto, +/-1 EV, +/-2 EV, +/-3 EV
Auto image align: Possible
Multiple ExposureMultiple-exposure control: Additive, Average
No. of multiple exposures: 2 to 9 exposures
TypeElectronically-controlled, focal-plane shutter
Shutter speeds1/4000 to 30 sec., bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode.)
X-sync at 1/180 sec.
Shutter releaseSoft-touch electromagnetic release
External Speedlite
Compatible flashEX-series Speedlites
Flash meteringE-TTL II autoflash
Flash exposure compensation+/-3 stops in 1/3- or 1/2-stop increments
FE lockProvided
External flash settingsFlash function settings, Flash C.Fn settings
(Compatible with radio wireless flash photography)
PC terminalNone
Drive System
Drive modesSingle shooting, Continuous shooting, , Silent single shooting, Silent continuous shooting, 10-sec. self-timer/remote control, 2-sec. self-timer/remote control
Continuous shooting speedContinuous shooting: Max. approx. 4.5 shots/sec.
Silent continuous shooting: Max. approx. 3.0 shots/sec.
Max. burstJPEG L/Fine: Approx. 73 shots (approx. 1250 shots)
RAW: Approx. 14 shots (approx. 17 shots)
RAW+JPEG L/Fine: Approx. 7 shots (approx. 8 shots)*Figures are based on Canon’s testing standards (ISO 100 and Standard Picture Style) and an 8 GB card.
*Figures in parentheses apply to an UHS-I compatible 8 GB card based on Canon’s testing standards.
Live View Functions
  • FlexiZone – Single (Contrast detection)
  • Face detection Live Mode (Contrast detection)
  • Quick mode (Phase-difference detection)
  • Manual focusing (5x/10x magnification possible)
Focusing brightness rangeEV 1 – 18 (with contrast detection, at 23°C, ISO 100)
Metering modesReal-time metering with image sensor

  • Evaluative metering (315 zones)
  • Partial metering (approx. 11% of Live View screen)
  • Spot metering (approx. 3% of Live View screen)
  • Center-weighted average metering
Metering rangeEV 0-20 (at 23°C with EF 50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Magnified viewMagnifiable by 5x or 10x at AF point
Grid displayThree grid displays provided
Exposure simulation(1) Enable
(2) While pressing depth-of-field preview button
(3) Disable
Silent ShootingProvided (Mode 1 and 2)
Movie Shooting
Movie compressionMPEG-4 AVC (H.264)
Variable (average) bit-rate
Compression MethodALL-I (Low Compression) / IPB (High Compression)
Audio recording formatLinear PCM
File typeMOV
Recording size and Frame rateFull HD: 1920 x 1080; 30p/ 25p/ 24p (ALL-I or IPB)
HD:1280 x 720; 60p/ 50p (ALL-I or IPB)
SD:640 x 480; 30p/ 25p (IPB)
* 30p: 29.97fps, 25p: 25.00fps, 24p: 23.976fps
60p: 59.94fps, 50p: 50.00fps
File size1920 x 1080 (30p/25p/24p): ALL-I: Approx. 685MB/min.;IPB: Approx. 235MB/min.
1280 x 720 (60p/50p): ALL-I: Approx. 610MB/min.;IPB: Approx. 205MB/min.
640 x 480 (30p/25p): IPB: Approx. 78MB/min.;* No 4GB file size limitation
* Duration cannot exceed 29min. 59sec.
Continuous shooting timeApprox. 1hr. 35min. at 23°C
Approx. 1hr. 25min. at 0°C
(with fully charged Battery Pack LP-E6)
FocusingSame as focusing with Live View shooting
Metering modesCenter-weighted average and Evaluative metering with the image sensor
* Automatically set by the focusing mode
Metering rangeEV 0-20 (at 23°C with EF 50mm f/1.4 USM lens, ISO 100)
Exposure controlProgram AE for movie shooting and manual exposure
Exposure compensation+/-3 stops in 1/3-stop increments (Still photos: +/-5 stops)
ISO speed
(Recommended Exposure Index)
With autoexposure: Auto ISO (automatically set within ISO 100 – ISO 12800), Maximum and minimum ISO speeds can be changed in Creative Zone modesWith manual exposure: Auto ISO (automatically set
within ISO 100 – ISO 12800), ISO 100 – ISO 12800 set manually (in 1/3- or whole-stop increments), expandable to H (equivalent to ISO 16000/20000/25600)
Time CodeSupported
Drop FramesCompatible with 60p/ 30p
Video SnapshotsSettable to 2-sec/4-sec/8-sec
Sound recordingBuilt-in monaural microphone
External stereo microphone terminal provided
Sound recording level adjustable, wind filter provided, attenuator provided
Grid displayThree types
LCD Monitor
Type“Clear View LCD” TFT color liquid-crystal monitor
Monitor size3.0 inch (3:2)
DotsApprox. 1,040,000 dots
CoverageApprox. 100%
Brightness adjustmentManual (7 levels)
Interface languages25
Feature GuideDisplayable
Image Playback
Display formatSingle image, Single image + info (basic info, shooting info, histogram), 4- or 9- image index
Highlight alertProvided (Overexposed highlights blinks)
HistogramBrightness, RGB
AF point displayProvided
Grid displayThree types
Zoom magnificationApprox. 1.5x – 10x, starting magnification and position settable
Image browsing methodsSingle image, jump by 10 or 100 images, by shooting date, by folder, by movie, by stills, by rating
Image rotatePossible
Movie playbackEnabled (LCD Monitor, video/audio OUT, HDMI OUT)
Built-in speaker
Slide showAll images, by date, by folder, by movies, by stills, or by rating
Background musicSelectable for slide shows and movie playback
Post-Processing of Images
In-camera RAW image
Brightness adjustment, white balance, Picture Style, Auto Lighting Optimizer, noise reduction at high ISO speeds noise reduction, JPEG recording quality, color space, peripheral illumination correction, distortion correction, and chromatic aberration correction
Image Protection and Erase
ProtectErase protection of one image, all images in a folder, or all images in the memory card can be applied or canceled at one time
EraseOne image, all checkmarked images, all images in a folder, or all images in the memory card can be erased (except protected images) at one time
Direct Printing
Compatible printersPictBridge-compatible printers
Printable imagesJPEG and RAW images compliant to Design rule for Camera File System
Print orderingDPOF Version 1.1 compatible
Custom Functions20
Camera user settingsRegister under Mode Dial’s C1 and C2 positions
My Menu registrationProvided
Copyright informationEntry and inclusion enabled
GPS Functions
Geotagging ImagesLatitude, longitude, elevation, time (UTC) and signal acquisition
Reception frequency1575.42 MHz (L1 band)
Positioning Interval1, 5, 10, 15, or 30 seconds, or 1, 2, or 5 minutes
Time adjustmentCamera time can be set from GPS time data
Logging modeNMEA-0813
One file per day
* When the time zone is changed, a different file is created.
* Log files stored on the internal memory can be transferred to a card/computer.
* When the camera’s internal memory becomes full, the oldest log files are overwritten with new information, one by one.
Deleting log dataSupported
Wireless LAN
Standards compliance
  • IEEE 802.11b
  • IEEE 802.11g
  • IEEE 802.11n
Transmission methodDS-SS modulation (IEEE 802.11b)
OFDM modulation (IEEE 802.11g/n)
Transmission rangeApprox. 30m
* With no obstructions between the transmitting and receiving antennas and no radio interference
* With a large, high-performance antenna attached to the wireless LAN access point
Transmission frequency (central frequency)



2412 to 2462 MHz

1 to 11 Ch

Connection methodInfrastructure mode*, ad hoc mode, camera access point mode
* Wi-Fi Protected Setup supported
SecurityAuthentication method: Open, shared key, WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK
Encryption: WEP, TKIP, and AES
Wireless Network Functions
Transfer images between cameras
  • Transferring one image
  • Transferring selected images
  • Transferring resized images
Connection to smartphones
  • Images can be viewed, controlled, and received using a smartphone
  • Remote control of the camera using a smartphone
Remote operation using EOS Utility
  • Remote control functions and image viewing functions of EOS Utility can be used via a wireless LAN
Print from Wi-Fi printers
  • Images to be printed can be sent to a printer supporting DPS over IP
Send images to a Web service
  • Images in the camera can be sent to CANON iMAGE GATEWAY
  • A link can be sent to Facebook*, Twitter, or email address
  • Send movies in the camera to YouTube* Images can be uploaded to Facebook directly
View images using a media player
  • Images can be viewed using a DLNA-compatible media player
Digital terminal
  • Audio (Stereo)/ video (NTSC/PAL) output
  • For personal computer communication and direct printing (Hi-Speed USB)
  • For connection to GPS Receiver GP-E2
HDMI mini OUT terminalType C (Auto switching of resolution), CEC-compatible
External Microphone input terminal3.5mm dia. Stereo mini jack
Remote control terminalCompatible with remote control via N3-type terminal
Wireless remote controlWith Remote Controller RC-6
Eye-Fi CardCompatible

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